HIV Transmission

In order for HIV to be transmitted it must get from the body of a HIV positive person into the body of another person.

HIV is found in:

  • Blood
  • Semen
  • Vaginal Fluid
  • Breast Milk
  • Rectal Secretions

HIV can be transmitted through:

  • Unprotected sex – vaginal, anal & oral
  • Blood to blood contact (eg using contaminated needles, blood transfusions in countries where blood isn’t screened)
  • Mother to baby – during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding