New research has found that 40% of healthcare workers say they would worry, at least a little, about drawing blood from a person living with HIV. Findings from the report, entitled HIV-related Stigma in Healthcare Settings in Ireland, found that one in five healthcare workers report using special measures they would not use with other patients.

The research was led by Dr Elena Vaughan at the Health Promotion Research Centre in the University of Galway, in collaboration with HIV Ireland, with funding provided by the Irish Research Council.

“A positive finding of the research is that healthcare workers do not hold negative attitudes towards people living with HIV,” said Dr Vaughan, speaking in advance of the launch. “However, a significant proportion still fear acquiring HIV through routine procedures, such as dressing wounds, and this appears to be driving stigmatising behaviours,” she said.

“In the context of modern treatments, this fear is unnecessary, and where suspected exposure to HIV does occur, healthcare workers have access to post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which can prevent the virus from taking hold”, continued Dr Vaughan. “Efforts to better translate this knowledge to healthcare workers should help reduce anxieties and lessen stigmatising behaviours towards people living with HIV,” she added.

The findings from the report were produced following a joint national survey and interviews with both healthcare workers and people living with HIV. More than 400 people took part in the research, including 298 healthcare workers and 89 people living with HIV from across Ireland participating in the survey.

The survey, conducted in 2022, was the first of its kind to be carried out in Europe as the researchers sought to learn both from people living with HIV and those who provide them with healthcare.

Of the 89 people living with HIV who took part in the survey, 24% reported having been told to come back later, made to wait, or put last in a queue when attending for appointments. More than half (54%) reported having avoided healthcare for worry about how they will be treated by healthcare workers.

“The findings show how stigma experienced in healthcare settings can put people off engaging in vital care, which can have negative consequences for both individual and public health,” said Stephen O’Hare, Executive Director of HIV Ireland. “People living with HIV who are on successful courses of treatment, as the vast majority are in Ireland, are healthy and well, and have an undetectable viral load, meaning they cannot transmit the virus to others,” he added.

Reflecting on Government’s own target of reducing HIV-related stigma in line with international goals, including the global Fast Track Cities initiative, Mr O’Hare added:

“This report helps us identify areas where we can provide information and support to both healthcare workers and people living with HIV, so we can reduce HIV stigma in our healthcare system in line with our global commitments.”

The report, which is available to download from the websites of the University of Galway and HIV Ireland, will be launched today at the offices of the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission at 16-22 Green Street, Dublin.



Notes for Editors

Photos from the launch will be available from Gareth Chaney, Collins Photography

For Interviews and comments contact Stephen O’Hare Executive Director, HIV Ireland, Tel: 085 711 26 35; Email:

The report HIV-related Stigma in Healthcare Settings in Ireland, by Dr Elena Vaughan is available to download here:

Key findings from the report include:

  • 80% of healthcare workers have not received training in stigma and discrimination
  • 25% of healthcare workers say they have observed a colleague talking badly about a person living with HIV at least once in the past 12 months
  • 44% of people living with HIV report being asked how they got HIV by a healthcare worker
  • 20% of people living with HIV report having been denied service in the past 12 months